- self-knowledge and personal growth;
- career growth and vocational guidance;
- conflict resolution;
- team building;
- people management;
- leadership development;
- family counseling;
- improve interpersonal interaction.
Unlike Jung, who was more interested in clinical cases, Myers and Briggs adapted and developed Jung’s ideas, focusing on how knowledge of psychological types can help healthy people in everyday life.
They sought to create a simple and understandable model that describes the differences between people in a constructive manner in order to reduce unnecessary tension and the number of conflicts in the interaction. More than 2 million people annually pass the MBTI questionnaire. Myers-Briggs typology can be applied to a wide range of tasks.
In his famous work Psychological Types, Karl Gustav Jung described in detail the differences between people he had noticed. During his observations, he noted that the differences between people are not accidental, people have certain innate properties of the psyche, which form various features of behavior.
Jung noted that 2 basic mental processes are characteristic of man:
1) collection of information;
2) making decisions based on the information received.
The process of collecting information Jung defined as perception and identified 2 different ways of perception – sensory and intuitive.
The decision making process on the basis of the information received is a judgment. In turn, Jung identified 2 different modes of judgment – thinking and feeling.
Jung also noted that people tend to direct their energy in one of the ways: outward (ie, extroverted ) – to the world of people, events, actions; or go in (i.e. introvert ) – into the world of reflections, experiences.
Jung noted that depending on which mental processes in a person are dominant and what is the orientation of his energy, a certain personality structure is manifested, which Jung called the psychological type.
The orientation of energy, in turn, gives a peculiar color to the mental processes (sensation, perception, thinking, feeling) and determines a special order of mental functions inherent in each of the types described by Jung.
Myers and Briggs developed the ideas of Jung and at the same time made a number of their own theoretical and practical additions.
First of all, they identified not 8, but 16 possible psychological types, passing judgment and perception as a separate scale for measurement. Isabelle Briggs Myers deepened and described the role of the supporting process for the harmonious development of a person.
She developed a questionnaire that bears her name. The Myers-Briggs type identifier is used to identify the following natural preferences:
- extraversion and introversion;
- sensation and intuition;
- thinking and feeling;
- judgment and perception.
The questionnaire shows how clearly a person chooses one or another preference and serves to determine one of the 16 possible psychological types (INFP, ESTJ, ENTP, etc.) and its inherent characteristics.
|MBTI personality type test|
According to the concept of psychological types of Myers-Briggs, which are identified with the help of the oprichnik Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, there are 16 personality types.
The basis of each type is the choice of one of the preferences for 4 dichotomies:
1. Scale E — I – energy orientation:
E ( Extraversion, extraversion) – orientation to the external world,
I ( Introversion, introversion) – orientation to the inner world.
2. S — N scale – a perception of information:
S ( Sensing, sensation) – reliance on facts, details, specifics, statistics,
N (iNtuition, intuition) – focus on opportunities, ideas, abstraction.
3. Scale T — F – decision making:
T ( Thinking, thinking) – objective analysis prevails,
F ( Feeling, feeling) – decisions based on value choices prevail.
4. J — P scale – action:
J ( Judging, judgment) – preference to plan and organize information in advance,
P ( Perception, perception) – preference to act without a plan, according to circumstances.
ISFJ is a person who:
I – is focused on the inner world
S – values facts and specifics
F – trusts his feelings in decision making
J – prefers a structured and planned lifeENTP – is a person which:
E – is recharged with energy from new events, actions and people
N – likes to work with ideas and abstractions
T – operates with logic in decision making
P – prefers freedom and unpredictability
Typology is first of all a convenient compass for orientation in people. Knowledge of the model of personality types allows you to understand others better – their motives, characteristics of character and behavior.
Myers-Briggs typology is a multidimensional model. 4 pairs of preferences are the basis, but a unique combination of their interactions gives us a powerful tool in understanding any person.
Typology is not about driving all people into 16 cells.
To make a used about lshim successfully communicate with people, it is sufficient to understand the preferences of 2-3 psycho man. This is fairly easy to do after system training.
Knowledge of not one model of personality types, but several will broaden your horizons. The task of the typology is to give you an additional tool for orientation in the people around you, and not narrow it down to thinking within the framework of one concept.
A typology of personality is not able to give answers to all questions regarding human behavior
The creators of the typology point out that there are no good and bad types, people are just different. Each has its strengths and weaknesses.
In order to use the MBTI tool in your practice, you need to undergo special training and obtain the appropriate certification.